Like Standard and Smooth, the Latin dance styles are grouped into two main categories: International Latin and American rhythm. The International Latin style consists of five dances: Cha Cha, Samba, Rumba, Paso Doble, and Jive. The American style also consists of five dances: Cha Cha, Rumba, East Coast Swing, Bolero and Mambo.
Again, the International style is the one you may have seen on PBS's televised "Championship Ballroom Dancing." When comparing the two styles, International and American, the most obvious difference is that they each have a few unique dances. While jive and swing and somewhat similar, both the Paso doble and the mambo are strikingly unique. All the dances in one style do differ from those of the other, including the cha cha and rumba, in more subtle ways, which have to do with technique. You'll find competitive events in each style. All of these are danced to some of the most fascinating of musical rhythms.
In addition to the more conventional ballroom and Latin dances, other dances can be found in both social events and some competitions, including salsa, hustle, west coast swing, nightclub two-step, and others.